1.3 : Value of Construction and Research




1.3.4 2003 U.S. Private Investment into Construction R&D
Sector Percent of Sales Percent of Sales
Average Construction R&D (1) 1.2 Building Technology
Heavy Construction 2.0 Appliances 2.0
Special Trade Construction 0.2 Lighting 1.2
HVAC 1.5
U.S. Average of All Private R&D (2) 3.2 Fans, Blowers, & Air Cleaning Equipment 1.6
Manufacturing Average 3.1 Lumber and Wood Products 0.3
Service Industry Average 3.3 Commercial Building Operations 2.2
Note(s): 1) Includes all construction (e.g., bridges, roads, dams, buildings, etc.).









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Sources:

National Science Foundation, Research and Development in Industry: 2003, Table 27, p. 76-77

Schonfeld & Associates, R&D Ratios & Budgets, June 2003, p. 219-222